Title: K-means clustering algorithms used in the evaluation of online learners' behaviour

Authors: Xiaoming Chen; Wenge Li; Yubo Jiang

Addresses: Bengbu Medical College, Public Basic School, Anhui Bengbu, 233030, China ' Bengbu Medical College, Public Basic School, Anhui Bengbu, 233030, China ' First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College, Anhui Bengbu 233030, China

Abstract: K-means clustering algorithm is used to analyse plenty of learners' behaviour data stored on the online learning platform. The learning behaviour data, basic information, and user types and factors affecting performance of online learning learners are firstly analysed and explored. Secondly, based on feature selection and optimisation algorithm of initial clustering centre, a K-means feature selection algorithm is proposed, and an equilibrium discriminant function is presented to balance the difference between the clusters and within the clusters. Finally, the clustering centre obtained by K-means feature selection algorithm is used as the centre of the neural network. The parameters, input and output variables of the prediction model are set. Based on the radical basis function (RBF) neural network structure, the performance prediction model is constructed, which dynamically updates to enable accurate performance predictions. The results show that the performance prediction model proposed has high prediction accuracy for online learners' performance.

Keywords: online learning; behaviour evaluation; K-means algorithm; prediction model.

DOI: 10.1504/IJCEELL.2021.116034

International Journal of Continuing Engineering Education and Life-Long Learning, 2021 Vol.31 No.3, pp.394 - 404

Received: 26 Jul 2019
Accepted: 04 Dec 2019

Published online: 27 Apr 2021 *

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