Title: Design for blended synchronous learning: the instructor's perspective

Authors: Qiyun Wang

Addresses: National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University, 637616, Singapore

Abstract: Blended synchronous learning (BSL) has the potential to combine the advantages of classroom instruction and online learning. In this study, BSL was designed and implemented from the pedagogical, social, technical, and managerial aspects. This paper presents how BSL was prepared and designed before a lesson, implemented during the lesson, and improved after the lesson from the instructor's perspective. The results showed that the instructor needed to adjust certain learning activities before a lesson. He was often cognitively overloaded and having difficulties in monitoring the participation and engagement of the online students during the lesson. The design and implementation of BSL was gradually improved through reflections after the lesson. Implications for teachers who intend to apply this approach are discussed.

Keywords: blended synchronous learning; BSL; pedagogical design; social design; technical design; managerial design; video conferencing.

DOI: 10.1504/IJCEELL.2021.116007

International Journal of Continuing Engineering Education and Life-Long Learning, 2021 Vol.31 No.3, pp.347 - 359

Received: 30 Jun 2019
Accepted: 10 Jan 2020

Published online: 27 Apr 2021 *

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