Title: Determinants of urban residential water demand in Libya

Authors: Mabroka Mohamed Daw; Elhadi Ramadan Ali; Mohd Ekhwan Toriman

Addresses: School of Social, Development and Environmental Studies, Geography National University of Malaysia, UKM, Bangi 43600, Malaysia ' School of Social, Development and Environmental Studies, Geography National University of Malaysia, UKM, Bangi 43600, Malaysia ' School of Social, Development and Environmental Studies, Geography National University of Malaysia, UKM, Bangi 43600, Malaysia

Abstract: This paper analyses the effect of several economic, environmental and social determinants for the per capita demand for water in Libya. In this study, the econometric model based on E-views method, instrumental and ARDL model are applied. The cointegration analysis has shown a significant positive effect of temperature on water demand over the short and long term. Also, there is a positive relationship between rainfall and water demand in the long term and its less impact in the short term. There is a significant positive relationship between urban population and water demand. On the other hand, there is a significant negative effect of income on water demand. Therefore, water demand is inflexible to changes in income. The study demonstrated that there is a negative effect on water price in relation to water demand. The estimated long-term variable of water value is 220.98.

Keywords: urban residential water demand; water resources and situation in Libya; determinants of water demand; econometric.

DOI: 10.1504/IJISD.2021.115963

International Journal of Innovation and Sustainable Development, 2021 Vol.15 No.3, pp.261 - 279

Received: 27 Dec 2018
Accepted: 13 Sep 2019

Published online: 29 May 2021 *

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