Title: A case study on intensive care unit respirator design, innovation and commercialisation

Authors: Sina Ercan; Sibel Temür; Meral Sönmezoğlu; Ecem Gücü; Bayram Yilmaz; Mustafa Özilgen

Addresses: Department of Thoracic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Yeditepe University Hospital, Yeditepe University, Istanbul, Turkey ' Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Faculty of Medicine, Yeditepe University Hospital, Yeditepe University, Istanbul, Turkey ' Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Yeditepe University Hospital, Yeditepe University, Istanbul, Turkey ' Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Yeditepe University, Istanbul, Turkey ' Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Yeditepe University Hospital, Yeditepe University, Istanbul, Turkey ' Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Yeditepe University, Istanbul, Turkey

Abstract: Mechanical ventilation is a medical term for artificial respiration, where mechanical means are used to assist or replace spontaneous breathing, in most cases by increasing the oxygen content of the air provided. In addition, in certain cases, the use of the extracorporeal CO2 removal devices is needed together with these ventilators. A close look on the designs of the intensive care unit mechanical ventilators reveals self-repeating development cycles achieved with the contribution of the knowledge gained in each era. Manufacturing according to the national and international standards and providing successful control schemes are the mandatory requirements for these ventilators to gain medical acceptance and achieve commercialisation. Medical technology has changed drastically in the COVID-19 era, especially with the development of distant patient check-up and treatment methods, and these changes are expected not to go away at the end of the pandemic.

Keywords: COVID-19 patient; carbon dioxide removal; intensive care; mechanical ventilator design; oxygen supply; pneumonia.

DOI: 10.1504/IJRIC.2020.115338

International Journal of Research, Innovation and Commercialisation, 2020 Vol.3 No.2, pp.147 - 159

Received: 02 Nov 2020
Accepted: 14 Feb 2021

Published online: 20 May 2021 *

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