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Title: Design and implementation of convolutional neural network-based SVM technique for manufacturing defect detection

Authors: Fusaomi Nagata; Maki K. Habib; Keigo Watanabe

Addresses: Graduate School of Engineering, Sanyo-Onoda City University, 1-1-1 Daigaku-dori, Sanyo-Onoda 756-0884, Japan ' Mechanical Engineering Department, School of Sciences and Engineering, American University in Cairo, AUC Avenue, P.O. Box 74, New Cairo 11835, Egypt ' Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University, 3-1-1 Tsushima-naka, Kita-ku, Okayama 700-8530, Japan

Abstract: This paper introduces the design, implementation, training and testing of deep convolutional neural network (DCNN)-based support vector machines (SVMs). These DCNN-based SVMs are designed using software tools developed by the authors that enable them to construct, train, and test the DCNN-based SVMs and effectively facilitate vision-based inspection to detect different undesirable manufacturing defects. Two pretrained DCNNs are used for this purpose: the sssNet is developed by the authors and was trained using many actual and simple target images consisting of seven categories, and the standard AlexNet that was trained by a large number of images consisting of 1,000 categories. In this work, the pretrained sssNet and AlexNet are used as feature vector extractors in training and testing. The generated feature vectors are used as inputs to train SVMs for the final binary classification represented as accept (OK) or reject (NG) category.

Keywords: convolutional neural network; CNN; support vector machine; SVM; one-class learning of SVM; two-class learning of SVM; defect inspection system; template matching; edge extraction.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMA.2021.115240

International Journal of Mechatronics and Automation, 2021 Vol.8 No.2, pp.53 - 61

Received: 25 Aug 2020
Accepted: 09 Sep 2020

Published online: 24 May 2021 *

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