Title: Factors affecting the electricity transmission and distribution losses: evidences from BRICS countries

Authors: Deepak Kumar; Keya Sengupta

Addresses: Department of Economics and Public Policy, Indian Institute of Management Shillong, Nongthymmai, Meghalaya, India ' Department of Economics and Public Policy, Indian Institute of Management Shillong, Nongthymmai, Meghalaya, India

Abstract: This research investigates the effect of sources of production, related trade of goods and investments in forms of mergers and acquisitions on transmission and distribution losses in BRICS countries. The study uses fixed effect regression with Driscoll and Kraay's standard errors to account for cross-sectional dependence and heterogeneity on panel data from 1995 to 2014. The result highlights the impact of electric utility and renewable energy mergers, both domestic and cross-border, in decreasing distribution and transmission losses. The results reveal the strategic importance of mergers and acquisitions in knowledge transfer related to energy efficiency. The encouraging results of a decrease in transmission and distribution losses with increasing mergers and acquisitions in electric utility and renewable energy sectors boost the policy of encouraging investments in the energy sector, leading to improvement in energy efficiency and a decrease in carbon dioxide emissions.

Keywords: energy efficiency; transmission losses; renewable energy; utility; mergers; acquisitions; environmental goods; BRICS; electricity generation.

DOI: 10.1504/IJGEI.2021.115143

International Journal of Global Energy Issues, 2021 Vol.43 No.2/3, pp.183 - 198

Received: 12 Oct 2019
Accepted: 26 Apr 2020

Published online: 07 May 2021 *

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