Title: Security challenges for routing protocols in mobile ad hoc network: a systematic review and open research issues

Authors: Mitha Rachel Jose; J. Amar Pratap Singh

Addresses: Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Noorul Islam University, Tamilnadu, India ' Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Noorul Islam University, Tamilnadu, India

Abstract: Various targeted attacks are focused on MANET exploiting these vulnerabilities and disrupting their operations. Therefore, network optimisation can be accomplished through the maximal use of resources available and deploying proper security measures. In this study, various MANET protocols namely geographical, topology-based, hybrid, hierarchical, power-aware and multicast routing protocols, were investigated based on performance parameters (routing overhead, caching overhead, and packet delivery ratio) along with the security challenges they face. In addition to this, comparative analysis among various routing protocols and their performances were evaluated. Several topological issues namely high power consumption, low bandwidth, and high error rate, were taken into account.

Keywords: mobile ad hoc network; MANET; destination sequenced distance vector; DSDV; optimised link state routing; OLSR; ad hoc on-demand distance vector; AODV; temporally ordered routing algorithm; TORA; wireless routing protocol; WRP; dynamic source routing; DSR; zone-based; cluster-based.

DOI: 10.1504/IJESDF.2021.10035466

International Journal of Electronic Security and Digital Forensics, 2021 Vol.13 No.3, pp.268 - 297

Received: 17 Oct 2019
Accepted: 01 Mar 2020

Published online: 12 May 2021 *

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