Authors: Serik M. Apenov; Nurbol S. Jetibayev; Mariyash K. Makisheva; Guldana A. Kuanalieva; Sergazy Kussainov
Addresses: Department of International Law, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan ' Department of Law, Narxoz University, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan ' Department of Diplomatic Translation, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan ' Department of Customs, Financial and Environmental Law, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan ' Department of Criminal Law Disciplines, Abai Kazakh National Pedagogical University, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan
Abstract: The authors identify the concepts of international and transnational crime, focusing on its innovative component - the absence of the need for contacts and decentralisation of the sources of the criminal community. In particular, virtual organised criminal communities are analysed. The novelty of the research lies not only in their historical analysis, but also in the formation of a mechanism to counter them on the basis of a structural and international legal approach. The already implemented countermeasures are analysed and the international legislative acts that constitute the mechanism of global cyber security are structured. The practical significance of the study is determined by the fact that the developed comprehensive analysis of the phenomenon can be applied to the strategies of the socio-economic development of the state in the section of possible risks and compensation for losses from their implementation.
Keywords: international crime; organised crime; property; cyber security; legal measures.
International Journal of Electronic Security and Digital Forensics, 2021 Vol.13 No.2, pp.133 - 154
Received: 18 Sep 2019
Accepted: 14 Jan 2020
Published online: 02 Mar 2021 *