Title: Substituting individual mobility by mobility on demand using autonomous vehicles - a sustainable assessment simulation of Berlin and Stuttgart

Authors: Guy Fournier; Adrian Boos; Ralf Wörner; Ines Jaroudi; Inna Morozova; Eliane Horschutz Nemoto

Addresses: Institute for Industrial Ecology, Pforzheim University, Tiefenbronnerstr. 65, 75175 Pforzheim, Germany; Laboratoire Genie Industriel, CentraleSupélec, Université Paris-Saclay, 3 rue Joliot-Curie, 91190 Gif-sur-Yvette, France ' House of Transdisciplinary Studies – HOTSPOT, Pforzheim University, Tiefenbronnerstr. 65, 75175 Pforzheim, Germany ' Institute for Sustainable Mobility and Energy Storage, Esslingen University of Applied Sciences, Flandernstrasse 101, 73732 Esslingen, Germany ' Pforzheim University, Tiefenbronnerstr. 65, 75175 Pforzheim, Germany; Laboratoire Genie Industriel, CentraleSupélec, Université Paris-Saclay, 3 rue Joliot-Curie, 91190 Gif-sur-Yvette, France ' Faculty of Management, Esslingen University of Applied Sciences, Flandernstrasse 101, 73732 Esslingen, Germany ' Pforzheim University, Tiefenbronnerstr. 65, 75175 Pforzheim, Germany; Laboratoire Genie Industriel, CentraleSupélec, Université Paris-Saclay, 3 rue Joliot-Curie, 91190 Gif-sur-Yvette, France

Abstract: Our current mobility paradigm increasingly faces economic, ecological, and social limits in urban areas. The aim of this paper is to analyse if a fleet of shared autonomous electric vehicles (AEVs) can meet these challenges while satisfying the current requirements of privately-owned internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs). Therefore, analytical models have been developed to simulate and investigate the impacts of mobility behaviour in Berlin and Stuttgart (Germany). The collected data were used to calculate the fleet size, the energy consumption, the emission of particulate matter, nitrogen oxides, and the carbon footprint of different shared AEVs in comparison with privately owned ICEVs. The approach shows that the system of a shared AEV fleet could lower externalities (accident avoidance, traffic jams, free spaces, parking costs and lifetime losses) in cities and generate cost benefits for customers.

Keywords: sustainable mobility; urban mobility; future mobility; low carbon economy; electric vehicles; autonomous vehicles; powertrain; sharing economy; mobility service; servitisation; frugal innovation.

DOI: 10.1504/IJATM.2020.112029

International Journal of Automotive Technology and Management, 2020 Vol.20 No.4, pp.369 - 407

Received: 14 Nov 2019
Accepted: 17 Apr 2020

Published online: 18 Dec 2020 *

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