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Title: A hybrid systems approach to determine effective factors on the growth of marine industries in developing countries

Authors: Shahdad Eshaghpour; Seyed Hossein Hosseini; Seyed Amir Aghaei; Mohammad Saeed Seif

Addresses: Model-Based Management Systems Engineering Institute (SAMAM), Tehran, Iran ' Model-Based Management Systems Engineering Institute (SAMAM), Tehran, Iran ' Model-Based Management Systems Engineering Institute (SAMAM), Tehran, Iran ' Marine Engineering Research Center, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

Abstract: Marine industries have always been provided power and development for countries both militarily and economically. Due to the lack of essential economic, industrial, and technological infrastructure in developing countries, the development of marine industries has been facing serious obstacles. As a developing country, Iran has been tackling similar barriers. This paper aims at developing a conceptual model, to examine this complex problem, using a systems approach by which subsystems and casual loop diagrams have been created. Afterward, DEMATEL technique has been used, revealing the most effective variables. The research can remarkably help practitioners in appropriate recognition and investigation of marine industry development challenges. The results show that 'domestic supply chain development', 'special rights and benefits for employees', 'increase in manpower efficiency', 'domestic demand absorption', 'low-interest loans with suitable guaranties', and 'effective and integrated management' are the key factors and main issues in marine industry progress in developing countries.

Keywords: systems approach; marine industries; technology; DEMATEL; casual loops diagram; developing countries.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBSR.2021.111757

International Journal of Business and Systems Research, 2021 Vol.15 No.1, pp.124 - 142

Received: 25 Sep 2018
Accepted: 01 Jul 2019

Published online: 03 Nov 2020 *

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