Title: Managing stakeholder emotions and cultural differences during crisis: lessons from four different countries

Authors: Jashim Uddin Ahmed; Md Kamrul Hasan; Mohammad Alamgir Hossain; Mohammad Jasim Uddin; Rezwan Ibn Noor

Addresses: Department of Management, School of Business and Economics, North South University, Bashundhara, Dhaka-1229, Bangladesh ' Department of Management, School of Business and Economics, North South University, Bashundhara, Dhaka-1229, Bangladesh ' School of Business IT and Logistics (SBITL), RMIT University, Australia ' Department of Management, Sunway University Business School, Sunway University, Selangor, Malaysia ' InterResearch, Road – 3, Block – I, Bashundhara, Dhaka-1229, Bangladesh

Abstract: Since 2008, the world has witnessed some major transport (airlines, rail and submarine) failures around different continents. Among all others, Argentine submarine ARA San Juan, Malaysia Airline flight MH370, Canadian MM&A Train explosion and British Airways Boeing 777 left the world and its people under shock. Nonetheless, the immense mental trauma through which the victim families went was unimaginable. The way some authorities managed the emotions of the victim families during these crisis were really appreciable. This paper assessed the ways through which these disasters were managed by respective authorities from two perspectives, effective management of emotions of the victim families and cultural differences in crisis communication. Integrated crisis model (ICM), complexity theory and Hofstede's cultural frameworks were used to recommend culture specific crisis management techniques and effective organisational responses in dealing with the observed emotions among the stakeholders.

Keywords: crisis communication; crisis management; psychological well-being; managing emotions; Hofstede model; ICM model; complexity theory.

DOI: 10.1504/IJWOE.2020.110630

International Journal of Work Organisation and Emotion, 2020 Vol.11 No.2, pp.120 - 139

Received: 29 Mar 2020
Accepted: 02 May 2020

Published online: 14 Oct 2020 *

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