Title: From the web of bibliographic data to the web of bibliographic meaning: structuring, interlinking and validating ontologies on the semantic web

Authors: Helena Simões Patrício; Maria Inês Cordeiro; Pedro Nogueira Ramos

Addresses: Information Science, Technologies and Architecture Research Centre (ISTAR-IUL), University Institute of Lisbon (ISCTE-IUL), Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal, Lisboa, Portugal ' Information Science, Technologies and Architecture Research Centre (ISTAR-IUL), University Institute of Lisbon (ISCTE-IUL), Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal, Lisboa, Portugal ' Information Science, Technologies and Architecture Research Centre (ISTAR-IUL), University Institute of Lisbon (ISCTE-IUL), Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal, Lisboa, Portugal

Abstract: Bibliographic data sets have revealed good levels of technical interoperability observing the principles and good practices of linked data. However, they have a low level of quality from the semantic point of view, due to many factors: lack of a common conceptual framework for a diversity of standards often used together, reduced number of links between the ontologies underlying data sets, proliferation of heterogeneous vocabularies, underuse of semantic mechanisms in data structures, "ontology hijacking" (Feeney et al., 2018), point-to-point mappings, as well as limitations of semantic web languages for the requirements of bibliographic data interoperability. After reviewing such issues, a research direction is proposed to overcome the misalignments found by means of a reference model and a superontology, using Shapes Constraint Language (SHACL) to solve current limitations of RDF languages.

Keywords: LOD; linked open data; bibliographic data; semantic web; SHACL; ontologies; reference model; bibliographic standards.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMSO.2020.108318

International Journal of Metadata, Semantics and Ontologies, 2020 Vol.14 No.2, pp.124 - 134

Received: 15 May 2019
Accepted: 25 Oct 2019

Published online: 02 Jul 2020 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article