Title: An integrated GRA-DEMATEL-ANP framework for evaluation of barriers to implementation of green supply chain management in manufacturing industries
Authors: Mohamad Sadegh Sangari; Fatemeh Nikkhoo; Maziar Khoshsirat
Addresses: Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Fouman Faculty of Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, P.O. Box 43515-1155, Fouman 43516-66456, Iran ' Faculty of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran ' Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract: Nowadays, green systems and technology have received much attention due to the increased concerns about environmental issues. However, companies have faced various barriers in its implementation. Thus, proper identification and evaluation of these barriers is necessary to achieve effective results. In this paper, an integrated framework based on grey relational analysis (GRA), DEMATEL and analytic network process (ANP) methods is proposed to identify and evaluate the barriers to green supply chain management (GSCM) implementation in manufacturing industries. Drawing upon an extensive literature review, a reference framework of the GSCM barriers is developed consisting of two main groups, namely internal and external barriers. GRA is used to deal with ambiguity in experts' assessments. Also, the interactions and cause-effect relationships among the GSCM barriers are evaluated using DEMATEL. The relative importance of the barriers is then identified by integrating results of DEMATEL and ANP. The proposed framework is implemented in a case study of an auto manufacturing company. The results show that, by taking interrelationships of the barriers into consideration, the factors related to customer and market and business partners as well as social and managerial factors are the most important barriers to effective implementation of GSCM initiatives in the case company.
Keywords: green supply chain management; GSCM; analytic network process; ANP; DEMATEL; grey relational analysis; GRA; barriers; green systems; green technology.
International Journal of Business and Systems Research, 2020 Vol.14 No.2, pp.228 - 248
Received: 30 Dec 2017
Accepted: 18 Oct 2018
Published online: 02 Apr 2020 *