Title: The impact of economic growth on pollution in developed European countries

Authors: Lamia Jamel; Samir Maktouf

Addresses: Faculty of Economic Sciences and Management of Sousse, Department of Economics, Sousse University, Sousse, Tunisia ' Faculty of Economic Sciences and Management of Tunis El Manar, Department of Economics, Tunis El Manar University, Tunis 1068, Tunisia

Abstract: In this paper, we empirically investigate the impact of economic growth on environmental degradation in developed European economies during the period of study from 1985 to 2015. For the econometric methodology, we utilise the Cobb-Douglas production function. From the cointegration tests of Kao and Fisher, we confirm the existence of a cointegration relationship between the economic growth and pollution. Also, we confirm the hypothesis of basic CEK which assumes the presence of a bidirectional relationship between economic growth and CO2 emissions in developed European countries during the period of study (1985–2015). In addition, we find that there is a two-way causal relationship among energy consumption and pollution in developed European countries.

Keywords: economic growth; pollution; developed European countries; financial development.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMNE.2019.105840

International Journal of Management and Network Economics, 2019 Vol.4 No.3, pp.199 - 216

Received: 23 Feb 2018
Accepted: 06 Aug 2018

Published online: 16 Mar 2020 *

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