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Title: Intellectual capital and financial performance of state-owned banking: evidence from Indonesia

Authors: Rosita; Imam Ghozali; Puji Harto; Heri Susanto; Fatlina Zainuddin

Addresses: Faculty of Economics and Business, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia; STIE Surakarta, Solo, Indonesia ' Faculty of Economics and Business, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia ' Faculty of Economics and Business, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia ' Faculty of Economics and Business, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia; STIE Surakarta, Solo, Indonesia ' Faculty of Economics and Business, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia; Tadulako University, Palu, Indonesia

Abstract: The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between the efficiency of intellectual capital (IC) and the financial performance of state-owned banking companies in Indonesia. IC Efficiency in state banks uses VAICTM with measures of human capital efficiency (HCE), structural capital efficiency (SCE) and capital employed efficiency (CEE). Financial performance using company return is profitability measured by return on asset (ROA) and return on equity (ROE). The samples of the study were state-owned banks in the period of 2012-2016. This study uses panel data from the financial statements of state-owned banking companies. The results of this study show that VAICTM has relationship with ROA, except CEE. However, ROE has no relationship with IC efficiency of all efficiency measures. Therefore, the efficiency of IC in state-owned banking companies is considered as part of the reason for the improvement of its performance in terms of ROA although not all efficiencies of IC must be done by banking companies, especially from CEE. It should be supported by financial and physical capital.

Keywords: intellectual capital; human capital efficiency; HCE; structural capital efficiency; SCE; capital employed efficiency; CEE; financial performance; state-owned banking; Indonesia.

DOI: 10.1504/IJLIC.2020.105322

International Journal of Learning and Intellectual Capital, 2020 Vol.17 No.1, pp.47 - 60

Received: 13 Apr 2018
Accepted: 13 Apr 2019

Published online: 17 Feb 2020 *

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