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Title: Preparation of nanocompounds materials by combustion method using urea as fuel

Authors: Aliaa A. Razzak; Abdulnasser M. Al-Gebori; Mohammad J. Haider

Addresses: Department of Applied Science, University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq ' Department of Applied Science, University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq ' Department of Electric Engineering, University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq

Abstract: LiNiCoO2 (LCNO) has been prepared using combustion method with urea as the igniter and glycerol as the binding material due to its high activity. Urea, used as fertiliser, can be produced by way of sequence chemical approaches by means of the usage of H2, N2 and CO2. It is good performance hydrogen and carbon dioxide as storage medium due to high energy density (16.9 M*J *L−1, 10.1 weight percent of H2) for direct urea fuel cell (DUFC). Nitrates of Li+, Co+2 and Ni+2 had been combined together to shape a homogenous medium. Required quantities of urea and glycerol have been brought to combination and made a good paste. This paste is heated to 400°C for 2h. The as-synthesised fabric used to be subjected to thermo-gravimetric (TGA) analysis to decide the top of the line varies of annealing temperatures.

Keywords: nanoparticle; LiCoNiO2; direct urea fuel cell; DUFC; FTIR; X-ray diffraction; characterisation.

DOI: 10.1504/PIE.2020.10026916

Progress in Industrial Ecology, An International Journal, 2020 Vol.14 No.1, pp.19 - 29

Received: 14 Jan 2019
Accepted: 29 Apr 2019

Published online: 14 Feb 2020 *

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