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Title: A comprehension of contemporary effort for tracking of lip

Authors: M.S. Nandini; Nagappa U. Bhajantri

Addresses: Department of Information Science and Engineering, NIE Institute of Technology, Mysuru, 570018, Karnataka, India ' Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Government Engineering College, Chamarajanagara, 571440, Karnataka, India

Abstract: Lip tracking exercise is the most important pre-requisite for lip reading system. Most of the lip reading procedures are accessible based on lip contour analysis. Similarly, lip contour extraction is a fundamental footstep. As a result of lip contour extraction, initially the process of lip contour detection in the first frame of an audio-visual image sequence. Subsequently capturing contour in successive frames based on methods of automatic, semiautomatic and hybrid is normally named as lip tracking. Here the effort presents an overview of contemporary works on extracting the face from digital video and classified the face into lip area and non-lip area by categorising the approaches into low and high-level processing techniques. Furthermore, the comparative study of approaches and their effectiveness based on various factors like asymmetric lips, the mouth with visible teeth, tongue and mouth with mustache are offered.

Keywords: lip reading; lip tracking; lip segmentation; lip localisation; Adaboost; statistical estimator.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBRA.2020.104857

International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications, 2020 Vol.16 No.1, pp.85 - 100

Accepted: 23 Dec 2017
Published online: 02 Feb 2020 *

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