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Title: Production trade-offs and weight restrictions in two-stage network data envelopment analysis

Authors: Hamid Kiaei; Reza Kazemi Matin; Seyed Hadi Nasseri

Addresses: Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Mathematical Sciences, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran ' Department of Mathematics, Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch, Karaj, Iran ' Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Mathematical Sciences, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran

Abstract: The use of weight restrictions in data envelopment analysis (DEA) is considered an appropriate method to avoid zero inputs and outputs weights. Due to a number of problems associated with the use of weight restrictions, the production trade-off method in DEA is often preferred. An important issue is that in most common DEA models, the internal structure of the production units is ignored, and the units are often considered as black-boxes. The current study aims to estimate the production trade-offs in two-stage network data envelopment analysis (NDEA) to observe its likely impact on efficiency evaluation and discrimination of units and subunits. Also, the probable effect of such the trade-offs are shown on the overall efficiency decomposition to divisional efficiencies and production possibility set (PPS) in two-stage NDEA. Finally, a numerical example is used to explain the results and compare the possible effects of different production trade-offs scenarios in two-stage NDEA with standard DEA models.

Keywords: network data envelopment analysis; NDEA; two-stage production; production trade-offs; weight restrictions; ranking.

DOI: 10.1504/IJADS.2020.104304

International Journal of Applied Decision Sciences, 2020 Vol.13 No.1, pp.21 - 45

Received: 23 Nov 2018
Accepted: 14 Feb 2019

Published online: 26 Dec 2019 *

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