Title: Visual perception of speed in drivers with ADHD
Authors: Björn Lidestam; Birgitta Thorslund
Addresses: The Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, VTI, SE-581 95 Linköping, Sweden ' The Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, VTI, SE-581 95 Linköping, Sweden
Abstract: Effects of ADHD on driving speed were studied in a driving simulator with only visual motion cues, by comparing drivers with ADHD diagnosis (n = 36) to drivers from a normal student population (n = 28). Their task was to repeatedly accelerate to own preferred speed for a total of 26 trials (2 baseline, 24 experimental trials). Field of view (1, 3, 5, and 7 monitors) and virtual road markings (on, off) were manipulated. These eight experimental conditions were presented three times each (replicates). Overall mean speed did not differ between groups, but the ADHD group was less affected by the extra motion cues. Also, whereas the control group lowered their speed between replicates, the ADHD group did not. The combined results suggest that for ADHD drivers, speed perception is more of a rule-based skill and more based on attention, whereas the normal student population perceives speed more effortlessly.
Keywords: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; ADHD; speed choice; preferred speed; speed perception; motion perception; driving simulator.
International Journal of Sustainable Society, 2019 Vol.11 No.2, pp.125 - 137
Accepted: 28 Jul 2019
Published online: 18 Nov 2019 *