Title: Project behaviour in different types of project management organisations: a system dynamics approach
Authors: Reem Alkadeem; Soheir Backar; Heba Haddad; Mohamed Eldardiry
Addresses: Production Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt ' Production Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt ' Industrial Engineering Department, Alexandria Higher Institute Engineering and Technology, Alexandria, Egypt ' Production Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
Abstract: Developing new products is a highly dynamic complex process. Managing such dynamic projects is not an easy task. In this research, different scenarios of NPD projects' work systems are examined. The capability of these projects' work systems to deal with the dynamic nature of NPD projects to mitigate the negative impacts of this nature on NPD project' performance. This study shows that, the most suitable organisational work environment for moderate and high complex projects is the highly flexible work system environment. While it is appropriate for low complex projects to provide a formal work system environment. This study tries to use systems dynamic modelling to model the work system characteristics and managerial styles in interaction with projects behaviour. It provides a step towards the understanding of how both work systems characteristics and managerial styles would influence projects performance and their probability of success. It serves as a guide for projects managers suggesting proper ways to better manage different NPD projects with different levels of complexities.
Keywords: project behaviour; work system design; managerial styles; formality; system dynamics; scenario planning.
International Journal of Process Management and Benchmarking, 2019 Vol.9 No.4, pp.499 - 521
Accepted: 09 Oct 2017
Published online: 04 Nov 2019 *