Title: A multi-channel distributed routing scheme for smart grid real-time critical event monitoring applications in the perspective of Industry 4.0
Authors: Muhammad Faheem; Rizwan Aslam Butt; Basit Raza; Muhammad Waqar Ashraf; Md. A. Ngadi; Vehbi Cagri Gungor
Addresses: Department of Computer Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Malaysia; Department of Computer Engineering, Abdullah Gul University, Kayseri, Turkey ' Department of Telecom Engineering, NED University of Engineering and Technology, Karchi, Pakistan ' Department of Computer Science, COMSATS University, Islamabad, Pakistan ' Department of Computer Engineering, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan ' Department of Computer Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Malaysia ' Department of Computer Engineering, Abdullah Gul University, Kayseri, Turkey
Abstract: Recently, the 4th industrial revolution known as Industry 4.0 has paved way for a systematical deployment of the modernised power grid to fulfil the continuously growing energy demand of the 21st century. This paper proposes a novel channel-aware distributed routing protocol named CARP for CRSNs-based SG applications. In CARP, the proposed cooperative channel assignment mechanism significantly improves the detection reliability and mitigates the noise and congested spectrum bands resulting in reliable and high capacity links for CRSNs-based SG applications. Moreover, to support higher capacity data requirements and to maximise the spectrum utilisation, the proposed multi-hop routing mechanism selects a secondary user relay node rich in spectrum information with longer ideal probability at low interference in the network. The extensive simulation results conducted through EstiNet9.0 reveal that the proposed scheme achieves its defined goals compared to existing routing schemes designed for CRSNs-based applications.
Keywords: Industry 4.0; smart grid; cognitive radio; internet of thing; IoT; wireless sensor networks.
International Journal of Ad Hoc and Ubiquitous Computing, 2019 Vol.32 No.4, pp.236 - 256
Received: 27 May 2018
Accepted: 11 Sep 2018
Published online: 23 Oct 2019 *