Title: Image processing-based intelligent robotic system for assistance of agricultural crops

Authors: Nikhil Paliwal; Pankhuri Vanjani; Jing-Wei Liu; Sandeep Saini; Abhishek Sharma

Addresses: Department of Communication and Computer Engineering, The LNM Institute of Information Technology, Jaipur, 302031, India ' Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, The LNM Institute of Information Technology, Jaipur, 302031, India ' Department of Sport Information and Communication, National Taiwan University of Sport, Taiwan ' Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, The LNM Institute of Information Technology, Jaipur, 302031, India ' Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, The LNM Institute of Information Technology, Jaipur, 302031, India

Abstract: Agriculture has been practiced in conventional ways for centuries and supported with mechanical systems in the last few decades. With the evolution of robotic equipment and sensors, the researchers are focusing on introducing smart farming. In this paper, we propose improved algorithms for infection detection in leaves and field classification targeting a heterogeneous robotic system. Image processing methods have been used on the leaves of the plants to calculate the infection percentage in crops and elementary machine learning algorithm k-means clustering for classifying the field. Classification of the agricultural field has been done for growing different types of crops in a mixed cropping technique which has an advantage over other farming procedures. Early detection of diseases can help in better preventive measures in the early stages. We have used 3,150 images of crop diseases for three different types of crops and by smartly incorporating some previously established techniques. The primary objective of this paper includes the qualitative analysis of infection detection algorithms and further elaboration for the possible application of the suggested work in smart farming.

Keywords: disease detection; mixed cropping; computer vision; unmanned autonomous vehicles; medical robotics; image processing; machine learning.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSHC.2019.101602

International Journal of Social and Humanistic Computing, 2019 Vol.3 No.2, pp.191 - 204

Available online: 06 Aug 2019 *

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