Title: Multi-constraint Zigbee routing to prolong lifetime of mobile wireless sensor networks

Authors: Pallavi Kaliyar; Chhagan Lal; C.M. Choudhary; Lokesh Sharma

Addresses: Department of Mathematics, University of Padua, 35131, Italy ' Department of Mathematics, University of Padua, 35131, Italy; Manipal University Jaipur, Jaipur, 303007, India ' Department of Computer Engineering, SKIT College of Engineering, Jaipur, 302017, India ' Department of Information Technology, Manipal University Jaipur, Jaipur, 303007, India

Abstract: Mobile wireless sensor network (MWSN) characteristics (i.e., dynamic topology, low bandwidth, and finite energy) cause a threat to MWSN's basic functionalities that includes network formation, self-organisation, route discovery, and communication management. Hence, improving the lifetime and minimising the mobility induced route breaks are the critical issues in MWSNs. In this paper, we propose a multi-constraint Zigbee based reactive routing (MZRR) protocol for MWSNs to extend their network lifetime. Our MZRR protocol uses node energy and hop-to-hop transmission efficiency along with network mobility as metrics during the route discovery phase. MZRR protocol ensures that the discovered routes have high transmission efficiency which leads to low energy and link bandwidth consumption in the network. By keeping the energy utilisation of sensors balanced, MZRR protocol avoids the dead zones in surveillance areas.We implement MZRR protocol on NS-3, and the results are compared with traditional ad-hoc on-demand distance vector and state-of-the-art routing algorithms.

Keywords: WSNs; wireless sensor networks; Zigbee; energy efficiency; network mobility; link lifetime; IEEE 802.15.4.

DOI: 10.1504/IJAHUC.2019.101211

International Journal of Ad Hoc and Ubiquitous Computing, 2019 Vol.31 No.4, pp.244 - 254

Accepted: 17 Dec 2017
Published online: 25 Jul 2019 *

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