Title: Theory of human forces in management

Authors: Muhammad Bilal Zafar

Addresses: Silk Road Network Technology Co., Ltd., 911-ISE Tower, Blue Area, Islamabad, Pakistan

Abstract: This paper attempts to explore the philosophical argument regarding an account of the development of management orientations and attributes a historical succession of these orientations to a human hereditary. It is hard to find such a consolidated and plausible theory which may provide deep insight into the history and theory of management. This paper is theoretical, based on literature and philosophical analysis. It argues that human behaviours become a force and its treatment causes the variance in human management. The management with respect to human has periodically recognised these forces and acquired the tools for treatment of such forces. In this paper, theoretically through deductive-partial inductive approach, human forces are classified into six dimensions (gender, attain, social, relational, metaphysical and heredity force) and subsequently in four orientations of management (demo, socio, psycho-socio and meta-oriented management). Demo and socio-oriented management are explored with historical context, while the psycho-socio oriented management is argued with theoretical considerations, i.e., theories related to human work behaviour, performance, need and satisfaction. In last, a plausible argument is presented for meta-oriented management by considering its application in existing corporate structure management.

Keywords: management philosophy; human behaviour; human management.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMCP.2019.100680

International Journal of Management Concepts and Philosophy, 2019 Vol.12 No.3, pp.329 - 341

Received: 15 Mar 2018
Accepted: 20 Dec 2018

Published online: 06 Jul 2019 *

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