Title: Performance and emission characteristics of a DI diesel engine using diestrol blends and diesel as fuel

Authors: Chidambaranathan Bibin; P. Seeni Kannan; P.K. Devan; R. Rajesh

Addresses: Department of Mechanical Engineering, RMK College of Engineering and Technology, Puduvoyal, Chennai, India ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, AAA College of Engineering and Technology, Amathur, Sivakasi, India ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, RMK College of Engineering and Technology, Puduvoyal, Chennai, India ' Rohini College of Engineering and Technology, Anjugramam, Nagercoil, India

Abstract: Biofuels, namely, biodiesel and ethanol produced from renewable energy sources are used as fuels in the blended form along with diesel to investigate the performance and emission characteristics of a DI diesel engine. Diestrol blend consists of diesel, biodiesel/methyl ester and ethanol. In diestrol blends, ethanol percentage is steadily elevated with an incremental factor of 5% culminating into three blends with a maximum percentage of 15% by volume and named as EB5, EB10 and EB15 respectively. A comprehensive analysis of engine performance characteristics such as brake thermal efficiency, brake specific fuel consumption, exhaust gas temperature and emission characteristics such as carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, unburned hydrocarbon, oxides of nitrogen and smoke opacity were carried out. From the above investigation, it was found that brake thermal efficiency increased by 3%, 5% and oxides of nitrogen emission decreased by 23%, 24.5% when compared to diesel and B20 respectively.

Keywords: diesel engines; diestrol; ethanol; emissions; methyl esters; punnai oil; performance; ternary blends.

DOI: 10.1504/IJENM.2019.100485

International Journal of Enterprise Network Management, 2019 Vol.10 No.2, pp.91 - 108

Received: 22 Jan 2018
Accepted: 08 May 2018

Published online: 27 Jun 2019 *

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