International Journal of Smart Technology and Learning (9 papers in press)
Designing a suitable learning technology for an authentic science classroom: reflection from WISE and Smart Classrooms
by Huiying Cai, James D. Slotta, Xiaoqing Gu
Abstract: Different emerging learning technologies provide new insights into the utility of educational applications. However, their proper integration for collaborative problem solving in authentic science classrooms remains a complex challenge for researchers and stakeholders. This paper presents an in-depth analysis of two systematic works on design learning technologies for science classrooms. The first study concerns the Web-based Inquiry Science Environment (WISE) research team from the University of California Berkeley, and the second involves the Smart Classroom research team from the University of Toronto. Such in-depth analyses will further enhance our understanding of the role of technology in the classroom context and offer a systematic reflection on designing suitable learning technologies for authentic science classrooms.
Keywords: Design learning technology; WISE; Smart Classroom; Script approach; Science education.
A Synchronous-Asynchronous Tele-education Platform
by George Fragulis, Lazaros Lazaridis, Maria Papatsimouli
Abstract: S.A.T.E.P. : Synchronous-Asynchronous Tele-education Platform is a software application for educational purposes, with a lot of parametrizingrn(configuration) features written entirely from scratch. It aims at the training and examination of computer skills, a platform that can be adjusted to the needs of each lesson. In the application the trainer and the administrator can define the number of the lectures and upload files for each one of them. Furthermore, he can insert, modify and delete questions which are used for evaluation tests but also for the trainees examinations. The trainee can read/download the files of each lesson and also test his knowledge on what he has studied through a series of questions/tests.rnA chat module where registered users as well as system administrator can discuss and solve questions is also developed.
Keywords: Web Based Application; MySql; PHP; Open Source Software; Telern- education; Distance Learning;Metadata.
Developing Learning Objects for Engineering and Science Fields: Using Technology to Test System Usability and Interface Design
by Maurice Dawson, Latina Davis, Marwan Omar
Abstract: Technology is changing the landscape of learning and teaching in American higher education. The use of virtual worlds enables engineering and technology programs to implement software programs such as Second Life, Open Simulator, or Lumiya to enhance what they may currently already have. Additionally, virtual worlds can add a more dynamic environment in the online classroom for multiple platforms such as the Personal Computer (PC), wearables, and mobile devices. The purpose of this paper is to provide a review of these programs to include how to implement these items into an engineering course. Further detailed in this article is how to incorporate Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) documentation and other design guidelines for the projects. Included in this document is a detailed layout of a simulated environment as well as various approaches to structuring and organization for classroom activities.
Keywords: learning objects; technology; systems usability; interface design; limited fidelity prototyping; virtual worlds.
Are We Ready for Technopreneurship?
by Fidya Shabrina, Anang Dwi Santoso, Elisabeth Winda Alfanisa
Abstract: Technopreneur has become a major driver of innovation, competitiveness, and growth for many developing nations. Technopreneurs excel the growth of employment rate and encourage higher quality of community life. In general, cities in Indonesia are still at the initial stage of formulating the correct recipe for its growth and survival in the digital era. However, Indonesia does not have ICT-based technopreneur education model integrated with highschool curriculum. The lack of facilitation hampers the youth in developing their technopreneurial capacity. Thus to address this problem, this study aims to answer how the local and school ecosystem are prepared to support technopreneurship.
Keywords: Technopreneurship; startup; education; school; technology; urban infrastructure; human resource; urban governance; smart city; competitiveness.
A Semantic Approach for Situation-Aware Ubiquitous Learner Support
by Ines Bayoudh Saâdi, Amira Hamdani
Abstract: Research works related to adaptation in context-aware ubiquitous learning are currently in full swing. So, recommending the learner with the relevant learning strategy and intention according to the identified learning situation and delivering the appropriate learning service in the appropriate way at the right time and in the right place are crucial tasks in ubiquitous learning environments and they represent the main issue of this paper. In light of the above, this paper thoroughly introduces a Semantic Web approach for supporting decision making in ubiquitous learning environment. Probabilistic ontology will be proposed to reduce inaccuracy, randomness, and incompleteness and will support automated reasoning to support the learner choice of the learning intention, strategy, media and resource according to the predicted learning situation. The Multi-entity Bayesian networks (MEBNs) was used for modeling the knowledge and analyzing the content in context-aware ubiquitous learning. In fact, MEBNs offer a rigorous framework for knowledge representing and reasoning with probabilistic inference.rnFinally, a case study has been presented confirming the effectiveness ofrnthe proposed model.
Keywords: Context-awareness; probabilistic ontology ; context reasoning ; uncertainty ; Multi-Entity Bayesian Network(MEBN).
Enhancing Learners Metacognition for Smart Learning: Effects of Deep and Surface Learning, Disorganisation, Achievement Goals and Self-efficacy
by Kam Cheong Li, Billy Tak-Ming Wong
Abstract: Learners metacognition has been recognised as a key factor in their success in smart learning. However, for enhancing their metacognition for smart learning, the effects of other variables have been rarely addressed. This paper presents a study on the effects of deep and surface learning, disorganisation, achievement goals and self-efficacy on metacognition. Questionnaires measuring these variables were administered to 311 Hong Kong undergraduate students. Correlational analysis showed significant correlations among all these variables. Regression analysis showed that deep and surface learning, and self-efficacy, were significant predictors of metacognition. Among all the predictors, deep learning was shown to be the strongest, followed by surface learning, disorganisation and self-efficacy. The implications of the results are discussed in respect of the strategies to enhance metacognition to facilitate learners success in a smart learning environment.
Keywords: smart learning; metacognition; deep learning; surface learning; disorganisation; achievement goals; self-efficacy.
Factors Affecting the Integration of the SAP-Financial Accounting Module into an Accounting Curriculum: Evidence from a Gulf-based University
by Fethi Saidi, Mustapha Abdulkarim, Ousama Anam
Abstract: The present research investigates the underlying factors that affect the implementation of the Systems, Applications and Productions in Financial Accounting (SAP FI) module in an accounting curriculum. The study was carried out by using a survey questionnaire regarding six factors, namely, knowledge, complexity, usability, usefulness, satisfaction and future career, that affect the implementation of the SAP FI module. Business students (who have a major or minor in accounting) studying at the College of Business and Economics at Qatar University participated in this study. The results of the study found that the students were satisfied; they perceived that learning SAP FI was useful and that it had a strong impact on their future careers. All factors were found to be statistically significant in affecting the implementation of SAP FI. While the implantation efforts so far have been satisfying, various challenges persist. The study concluded that a first time SAP FI implementation is quite challenging from human, logistic and administrative perspectives, leaving room for more future improvements in terms of increasing the level of awareness and knowledge among the faculty and students. The study also recommends considering incorporating other SAP modules in other college curricula (e.g., management, operations, marketing, human resources, finances).
Keywords: ERP systems; SAP/FI; learner satisfaction; curriculum integration; accounting curriculum; Qatar University; College of Business and Economics.
Examining the Data to Identify Essential Questions Guilty before Innocent
by Jon Mason
Abstract: We use the democratic legal position of presuming innocence until proven guilty as a metaphor to be considered in reverse when examining data: guilty before innocent. As the giant Internet corporations take greater control of the entire data production and consumption lifecycle there is much at stake. Clich
Keywords: data literacy; data visualization; data storytelling; data governance; critical thinking; mathematical thinking; essential learning skills.
A Structured, Multi-Mode Professional Development Programme on Blended Learning and Its Influences on the Participants TPACK
by Muhammad Hafiz, Theresa Kwong
Abstract: The use of blended learning pedagogy in universities classes has grown over the years. However, literature seemed to suggest that there is a lack of professional development to guide teachers on blended learning pedagogy. Most existing professional development programmes tend to be short, lack well-designed structures and do not seem to provide participants with opportunities to experience blended learning themselves. The study investigated the effect of a structured and multi-mode professional development programme on blended learning. The programme is based on experiential learning which allows participants to develop their mastery of blended learning through a series of face-to-face, synchronous and asynchronous online learning. The culmination of the programme is the development of a Learning Innovation Plan that encourages participants to reflect on their individual blended learning approaches. An increase in teacher participants technological, pedagogical and content knowledge (TPACK) was observed at the end of the study.
Keywords: blended learning; content knowledge; experiential learning; multi-mode; pedagogical knowledge; professional development; reflective learning; structured; technological knowledge; TPACK.