International Journal of Smart Technology and Learning (6 papers in press)
Enhancing Learners Metacognition for Smart Learning: Effects of Deep and Surface Learning, Disorganisation, Achievement Goals and Self-efficacy
by Kam Cheong Li, Billy Tak-Ming Wong
Abstract: Learners metacognition has been recognised as a key factor in their success in smart learning. However, for enhancing their metacognition for smart learning, the effects of other variables have been rarely addressed. This paper presents a study on the effects of deep and surface learning, disorganisation, achievement goals and self-efficacy on metacognition. Questionnaires measuring these variables were administered to 311 Hong Kong undergraduate students. Correlational analysis showed significant correlations among all these variables. Regression analysis showed that deep and surface learning, and self-efficacy, were significant predictors of metacognition. Among all the predictors, deep learning was shown to be the strongest, followed by surface learning, disorganisation and self-efficacy. The implications of the results are discussed in respect of the strategies to enhance metacognition to facilitate learners success in a smart learning environment.
Keywords: smart learning; metacognition; deep learning; surface learning; disorganisation; achievement goals; self-efficacy.
Factors Affecting the Integration of the SAP-Financial Accounting Module into an Accounting Curriculum: Evidence from a Gulf-based University
by Fethi Saidi, Mustapha Abdulkarim, Ousama Anam
Abstract: The present research investigates the underlying factors that affect the implementation of the Systems, Applications and Productions in Financial Accounting (SAP FI) module in an accounting curriculum. The study was carried out by using a survey questionnaire regarding six factors, namely, knowledge, complexity, usability, usefulness, satisfaction and future career, that affect the implementation of the SAP FI module. Business students (who have a major or minor in accounting) studying at the College of Business and Economics at Qatar University participated in this study. The results of the study found that the students were satisfied; they perceived that learning SAP FI was useful and that it had a strong impact on their future careers. All factors were found to be statistically significant in affecting the implementation of SAP FI. While the implantation efforts so far have been satisfying, various challenges persist. The study concluded that a first time SAP FI implementation is quite challenging from human, logistic and administrative perspectives, leaving room for more future improvements in terms of increasing the level of awareness and knowledge among the faculty and students. The study also recommends considering incorporating other SAP modules in other college curricula (e.g., management, operations, marketing, human resources, finances).
Keywords: ERP systems; SAP/FI; learner satisfaction; curriculum integration; accounting curriculum; Qatar University; College of Business and Economics.
Examining the Data to Identify Essential Questions Guilty before Innocent
by Jon Mason
Abstract: We use the democratic legal position of presuming innocence until proven guilty as a metaphor to be considered in reverse when examining data: guilty before innocent. As the giant Internet corporations take greater control of the entire data production and consumption lifecycle there is much at stake. Clich
Keywords: data literacy; data visualization; data storytelling; data governance; critical thinking; mathematical thinking; essential learning skills.
A Structured, Multi-Mode Professional Development Programme on Blended Learning and Its Influences on the Participants TPACK
by Muhammad Hafiz, Theresa Kwong
Abstract: The use of blended learning pedagogy in universities classes has grown over the years. However, literature seemed to suggest that there is a lack of professional development to guide teachers on blended learning pedagogy. Most existing professional development programmes tend to be short, lack well-designed structures and do not seem to provide participants with opportunities to experience blended learning themselves. The study investigated the effect of a structured and multi-mode professional development programme on blended learning. The programme is based on experiential learning which allows participants to develop their mastery of blended learning through a series of face-to-face, synchronous and asynchronous online learning. The culmination of the programme is the development of a Learning Innovation Plan that encourages participants to reflect on their individual blended learning approaches. An increase in teacher participants technological, pedagogical and content knowledge (TPACK) was observed at the end of the study.
Keywords: blended learning; content knowledge; experiential learning; multi-mode; pedagogical knowledge; professional development; reflective learning; structured; technological knowledge; TPACK.
A research framework of pair learning in robotics education
by Liying Xia, Baichang Zhong
Abstract: Although cooperative learning has certain advantages in robotics education (RE), some problems exposed in practice deserve our attention, e.g., free-rider issue, conflicts of interest, fixed roles, and negative groupthink effects. In view of this, we propose the methodology of pair learning (PL), in which students cooperate in pairs to construct, build and program a robot under scripted but switchable roles. A research framework was designed to further explore the mechanism and effectiveness of PL in RE. The framework covered four research perspectives of PL, including role assignment and role switching strategy, grouping strategy, the integration strategy of PL and coopetition, and the effectiveness of PL. On the basis of the four research perspectives, five groups of true experiments or quasi-experiments were designed. In addition, five data collection methods were introduced to evaluate students performances from the perspectives of artifacts, attitude towards RE, immersion/attention, compatibility of groups, and cognitive load. It is hoped that this paper will enrich the teaching model of RE and provide new guidance for promoting the healthy development of RE.
Keywords: robotics education; cooperative learning; pair learning; role assignment; role switching; grouping; coopetition.
Artificial Intelligence-based Educational Application: A Survey of the Significance for Chinese Education
by Yichen Wang
Abstract: This study focuses on investigating the service condition and current opinion regarding the application of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Chinese education. A method of questionnaire is applied. The results indicate an inspiring information that, although the majority of the participants use the AI-based educational application only for some occasions, they are satisfied with it, and consider the future of these applications optimistically. Furthermore, they regard these applications as supplements to the traditional Chinese education. This study suggests that there is a solid foundation for the organizations to promote the application of AI in Chinese education in a large scale by utilizing a combination of adaptive learning techniques, and the K12-type MOOCs. After reaching full AI coverage in Chinese education, equity can be finally achieved.
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence; AI-based Educational Application; K12-type MOOCS; Equity in Education; China.