Title: How much can nuclear energy do about global warming?

 

Author: André Berger; Tom Blees; Francois-Marie Bréon; Barry W. Brook; Philippe Hansen; Ravi B. Grover; Claude Guet; Weiping Liu; Frederic Livet; Herve Nifenecker; Michel Petit; Gérard Pierre; Henri Prévot; Sébastien Richet; Henri Safa; Massimo Salvatores; Michael Schneeberger; Suyan Zhou

 

Addresses:
Georges Lemaître Center for Earth and Climate Research, Earth and Life Institute, Université catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
Science Council for Global Initiatives, 1701 St. Clair Avenue E., North Fort Myers, Florida 33903, USA
Save the Climate (Sauvons Le Climat), 15 passage Ramey 75018, Paris, France
School of Biological Sciences, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 55, Hobart, TAS 7001, Australia
Save the Climate (Sauvons Le Climat), 15 passage Ramey 75018, Paris, France
Homi Bhabha National Institute, Anushaktinagar, Mumbai 400094, Maharashtra, India
Energy Research Institute, Nanyang Technological University, 637141, Singapore
China Institute of Atomic Energy, P. O. Box 275(1), Beijing 102413, China
Université Grenoble Alpes, SIMAP-Phelma-CNRS, F-3800 Grenoble, France
49 rue Seraphin Guimet, 38220 Vizille, France; Université interages du Dauphine, 38000 Grenoble, France
Save the Climate (Sauvons Le Climat), 15 passage Ramey 75018, Paris, France
Bourgogne University, Dijon, France; Save the Climate (Sauvons Le Climat), 15 passage Ramey 75018, Paris, France
Save the Climate (Sauvons Le Climat), 15 passage Ramey 75018, Paris, France
Save the Climate (Sauvons Le Climat), 15 passage Ramey 75018, Paris, France
International Institute of Nuclear Energy, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID 83401, USA
Save the Climate (Sauvons Le Climat), 15 passage Ramey 75018, Paris, France
Institutional Relations Director, EDF - Délégation Générale pour la Chine, État Major, 22-30 Avenue Wagram, 75008 Paris, France

 

Journal: Int. J. of Global Energy Issues, 2017 Vol.40, No.1/2, pp.43 - 78

 

Abstract: The framework MESSAGE from the IIASA fulfills the IPCC requirement RCP 2.6. To achieve this, it proposes the use of massive deployment of Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage (CCS), dealing with tens of billion tons of CO2. However, present knowledge of this process rests on a few experiments at the annual million tons level. MESSAGE includes three scenarios: 'Supply' with a high energy consumption; 'Efficiency' which implies the end of nuclear energy and the intermediary 'MIX'. We propose, as a variant of the MESSAGE framework, to initiate a sustained deployment of nuclear production in 2020, reaching a total nuclear power around 20,000 GWe by the year 2100. Our scenarios considerably reduce the interest or necessity for CCS. Renouncing nuclear power requires an energy consumption reduction of more than 40% compared to the 'Supply' scenario, without escaping the need to store more than 15 billion tons of CO2.

 

Keywords: 2100 energy scenarios; carbon dioxide; CO2; carbon emissions; nuclear power; carbon capture and storage; CCS; fast breeder reactors; CANDU reactors; cost; sustainability; risk; nuclear waste; nuclear energy; global warming; energy consumption.

 

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1504/IJGEI.2017.10000873

 

Available online 06 Dec 2016

 

 

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