Title: How formalism shapes perception: an experiment on mathematics as a language
Author: Jakob Kapeller; Stefan Steinerberger
Department of Philosophy and Theory of Science, University of Linz, Altenbergerstraße 69, 4040 Linz, Austria
Mathematical Institute, University of Bonn, Endenicher Allee. 60, 53115, Bonn, Germany
Journal: Int. J. of Pluralism and Economics Education, 2013 Vol.4, No.2, pp.138 - 156
Abstract: This paper discusses the role of mathematics as a conversational tool in economics. Based on the observation that mathematics is understood as an alternative language to express theoretical concepts and ideas, this paper reports experimental results trying to estimate the potential effects such a use of mathematics as a conversational tool may carry. These results refine certain intuitive statements about the role of mathematics in economic discourse and expose some unexpected effects in merit of further study. In particular, the results show that on average the mere presence of mathematics makes a problem seem more difficult, that mathematical knowledge is primarily attributed to specific training, that using mathematical expressions may decrease the proportion of people able to understand a certain argument and that mathematical arguments are more likely to convince men than women.
Keywords: mathematics as a language; psychological effects; experiment; economics education; formalism; perception; conversational tools; economic discourse.
Available online 28 Jul 2013