Title: Do firm's sector and size influence on the degree of inbound open innovation?
Authors: Marta Ortiz-de-Urbina-Criado; Ángeles Montoro-Sánchez; Eva M. Mora-Valentín
Departamento de Economía de la Empresa (Adm., Dir. y Org.), Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Sociales, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Campus de Vicálvaro, 28032 Madrid, Spain.
Departamento de Organización de Empresas, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Pozuelo de Alarcón, 28223 Madrid, Spain.
Departamento de Economía de la Empresa (Adm., Dir. y Org.), Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Sociales, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Campus de Vicálvaro, 28032 Madrid, Spain
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to analyse whether degree of inbound open innovation (IOI) depending on the size and sector firm. A sample of small, medium and large-size firms from the manufacturing and service sectors have been selected. A cluster analysis has been developed to classify firms in three groups. We have found that companies in manufacturing sectors and that are small and medium sized are the most likely to have low or medium degrees of IOI; while companies in the service sector and that are large normally have the highest degrees of IOI. Secondly, the analysis carried out has demonstrated that companies with greater degrees of IOI are the most innovative in terms of product and process; they are the firms that buy more R&D services and usually cooperate with other organisations to develop R&D and innovation activities.
Keywords: firm size; industry sectors; manufacturing industry; service sectors; small and medium-sized enterprises; SMEs; large-sized enterprises; cluster analysis; cooperation; Spain; transitions; innovation systems; inbound open innovation.
Int. J. of Transitions and Innovation Systems, 2012 Vol.2, No.2, pp.169 - 193
Available online: 03 Oct 2012