Title: Measuring innovation in developing countries: some suggestions to achieve more accurate and useful indicators
Author: Judith Sutz
Address: Universidad de la República, José María Montero 3006, Montevideo, CP: 11300, Uruguay
Abstract: The paper contributes to an ongoing international discussion around how to measure innovation in developing countries and how to turn the findings into useful policy tools. It stresses the fact that innovation needs to be understood as a learning process, and concomitantly measuring innovation needs to pay special attention to related aspects that are not usually taken into account. Which people have knowledge in the firm, and which kind of knowledge they have are examples of those aspects. Innovation surveys have not yet displayed major policy impact in developing countries; they usually go little farther from what is already known. They can also give misleading results, for instance by assuming that innovation is a value-free concept, which it is not the case. The paper analyses concretely how to redress these flaws, aiming at a better design of innovation policies in developing countries.
Keywords: innovation indicators; innovation surveys; learning processes; developing countries; innovation policies; innovation measurement; policy tools; value-free concepts; technological learning; technological innovation; technological development; development policies; R&D; research and development.
Int. J. of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development, 2012 Vol.5, No.1/2, pp.40 - 57
Available online: 13 Jan 2012