Title: The paradoxes of management with particular reference to the conduct of Development Assistance
Author: R. Kowalski
Address: Centre for International Development and Training, The University of Wolverhampton, Telford Campus, Priorslee, Telford TF2 9NT, UK
Journal: Int. J. of Management Concepts and Philosophy, 2006 Vol.2, No.2, pp.168 - 182
Abstract: The paradoxes of management are explored at two levels. The overall challenge of 'getting things done by other people' is broken down into the processes of providing direction, control (presented as planning) and motivation, with their associated paradoxes. These are formulated in relation to the management role of deciding as a fractal model of management and the attendant management contributions discussed. Finally, these issues are placed in the specific context of managing Development Assistance (DA).
Keywords: decisions; development assistance; dialectical process; fractal model; paradox; planning; decision making; management paradoxes; fractal management.