Int. J. of Management Concepts and Philosophy   »   2006 Vol.2, No.2



Title: The paradoxes of management with particular reference to the conduct of Development Assistance


Author: R. Kowalski


Address: Centre for International Development and Training, The University of Wolverhampton, Telford Campus, Priorslee, Telford TF2 9NT, UK


Abstract: The paradoxes of management are explored at two levels. The overall challenge of 'getting things done by other people' is broken down into the processes of providing direction, control (presented as planning) and motivation, with their associated paradoxes. These are formulated in relation to the management role of deciding as a fractal model of management and the attendant management contributions discussed. Finally, these issues are placed in the specific context of managing Development Assistance (DA).


Keywords: decisions; development assistance; dialectical process; fractal model; paradox; planning; decision making; management paradoxes; fractal management.


DOI: 10.1504/IJMCP.2006.010267


Int. J. of Management Concepts and Philosophy, 2006 Vol.2, No.2, pp.168 - 182


Available online: 12 Jul 2006



Editors Full text accessAccess for SubscribersPurchase this articleComment on this article