The full text of this article


Type-2 Fuzzy Gaussian mixture models for singing voice classification in commercial music production
by Faiz Maazouzi; Halima Bahi
International Journal of Signal and Imaging Systems Engineering (IJSISE), Vol. 6, No. 2, 2013


Abstract: The paper describes a system of singing voice classification in the commercial music productions. A first step in our system is to separate the singer's voice from the music. Based on the vocal part, two sets of parameters are formed, one for singing voice type and the other for the singing voice quality. Each set of parameters contains a number of MPEG-7 low-level descriptors and other descriptors; at the classification stage the paper suggests an extension of Gaussian Mixture Models (GMMs), by using the Type-2 FGMMs (Type-2 Fuzzy Gaussian Mixture Models). Results show substantial improvements when compared to similar works.


is only available to individual subscribers or to users at subscribing institutions.


Existing subscribers:

Go to Inderscience Online Journals to access the full text.


Pay per view:

If you are not a subscriber and you just want to read the full contents of this article, buy online access here.

Complimentary Subscribers, Editors or Members of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Signal and Imaging Systems Engineering (IJSISE):
Login with your Inderscience username and password:


    Username:        Password:         

Forgotten your password?


Want to subscribe?

A subscription gives you complete access to all articles in the current issue, as well as to all articles in the previous three years (where applicable). See our Orders page to subscribe.


If you still need assistance, please email