The full text of this article


Free and open source software (FOSS) as a vehicle for human development in Egypt: some evidence and insights
by Nagla Rizk
International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development (IJTLID), Vol. 5, No. 3, 2012


Abstract: This paper is based on the hypothesis that free and open source software (FOSS) has a developmental potential in Egypt as it relies on a democratising technology and a collaborative liberalising knowledge production model that encourages smaller business structures rather than proprietary conglomerates. This hypothesis is tested through in-depth interviews with stakeholders. Fieldwork reveals a strong potential for FOSS, particularly towards enhancing different layers of human capital. As FOSS in Egypt is at its infancy stage, its developmental potential is stunted as market forces point towards reinforcing larger proprietary software models at the expense of smaller FOSS-based businesses. This is compounded by limited political will, lack of awareness and absence of FOSS from educational curricula, all of which pose additional challenges. This paper provides recommendations for action in the short and long-terms to promote FOSS as a vehicle for Egypt's development.


is only available to individual subscribers or to users at subscribing institutions.


Existing subscribers:

Go to Inderscience Online Journals to access the full text.


Pay per view:

If you are not a subscriber and you just want to read the full contents of this article, buy online access here.

Complimentary Subscribers, Editors or Members of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development (IJTLID):
Login with your Inderscience username and password:


    Username:        Password:         

Forgotten your password?


Want to subscribe?

A subscription gives you complete access to all articles in the current issue, as well as to all articles in the previous three years (where applicable). See our Orders page to subscribe.


If you still need assistance, please email