Immigrant and indigenous youth in Europe: entrepreneurial intention building on human, financial and social capital
by Thomas Schøtt
International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business (IJESB), Vol. 30, No. 3, 2017

Abstract: Young people form vocational intentions, e.g., to become entrepreneurs and start a business. Entrepreneurial intention is often promoted by resources, notably human, financial and social capitals, which differ between indigenous youth and immigrants, who differ in the cultural capital they bring from their origins. The purpose is to account for how immigrant and indigenous youths' origins and human, financial and social capital affect entrepreneurial intention. A sample of 53,775 youths, including 6,117 immigrants, has been surveyed around Europe in the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor. Although immigrants have less education and financial capital than indigenous youth, they have more entrepreneurial competencies and intentions, especially those originating from Africa and Middle East. Second generation immigrants are opportunity-alert and network more than indigenous and first generation immigrants, enhancing their entrepreneurial intention. Complementing the focus on immigrants' education and status attainment in earlier studies, this study focuses on their entrepreneurial competencies and intentions as shaped by their embeddedness in entrepreneurially intense home-societies. Policies can beneficially be tailored to transforming the immigrants' entrepreneurial competencies and intentions into enterprising.

Online publication date: Tue, 31-Jan-2017

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