The emergence of fuel cell technology and challenges for catching-up by latecomers: Insights from Malaysia and Singapore
by Zeeda F. Mohamad
International Journal of Technology and Globalisation (IJTG), Vol. 5, No. 3/4, 2011

Abstract: In this paper, I have used the systems of innovation approach to investigate the challenges faced by latecomer countries to catch-up in the development of an emerging technology like fuel cells. A comparative study between Malaysia and Singapore reveals that higher development of the fuel cell innovation system can be attributed to three institutional factors: presence of primary actors to align activities; synergy between complementary policies; openness to internationalisation activities. It is argued that such factors are essential for providing a conducive environment to address specific characteristics of the 'emerging phase' of fuel cell technology.

Online publication date: Mon, 18-Apr-2011

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