Multiferroic nanocrystalline BiFeO3 and BiCrO3 thin films prepared by ion beam sputtering Online publication date: Thu, 23-Feb-2017
by P. Couture; G.V.M. Williams; J. Kennedy; J. Leveneur; P.P. Murmu; S.V. Chong; S. Rubanov
International Journal of Nanotechnology (IJNT), Vol. 14, No. 1/2/3/4/5/6, 2017
Abstract: BiFeO3 and BiCrO3 films were made by room temperature sputtering followed by thermal annealing in a partial oxygen atmosphere. The annealed films were found to be nanocrystalline, with an average particle size of 11 nm for BiFeO3 and 8 nm for BiCrO3. The saturation moment per formula unit is 0.39 μB for BiFeO3 which is significantly greater than that found in bulk BiFeO3 (0.02 μB). A similar enhancement was also found in previous studies of BiFeO3 nanoparticles where the nanoparticle size was small. However, no large enhancement of the saturation moment per formula unit was identified for the annealed BiCrO3 films. The annealed BiFeO3 films displayed superparamagnetic behaviour and the particle size estimated from the blocking temperature is comparable to that estimated from the X-ray diffraction data. Our results show that sputtering and oxygen annealing is a method that can be used to make nanocrystalline BiFeO3 and BiCrO3 films.
Online publication date: Thu, 23-Feb-2017
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