An optimal gear-shifting strategy for heavy trucks with trade-off study between trip time and fuel economy
by X.X. Zhao; A.H. Ing; N.L. Azad; J. McPhee
International Journal of Heavy Vehicle Systems (IJHVS), Vol. 22, No. 4, 2015

Abstract: We show how the fuel efficiency of heavy mining trucks can be improved by optimising the gear-shifting strategy. Using characteristic tests of the diesel engine, a high-fidelity model of a mining truck was built in MapleSim and a consistent low-order model was developed in Matlab. Dynamic programming was used to optimise the low-order model of the specialised off-road 30-tonne truck over a fixed route in a mining area. There were two competing objectives: fuel use and trip time, which were combined in a single objective function using weighting coefficients. A Pareto curve was created to analyse the effect of the weights on the fuel use and trip time. Applying the control strategy obtained from dynamic programming to the high-fidelity model, it is estimated that 40,000 L of fuel can be saved annually for a mine that produces 110 kilotonnes of coal per day.

Online publication date: Fri, 27-Nov-2015

The full text of this article is only available to individual subscribers or to users at subscribing institutions.

Existing subscribers:
Go to Inderscience Online Journals to access the Full Text of this article.

Pay per view:
If you are not a subscriber and you just want to read the full contents of this article, buy online access here.

Complimentary Subscribers, Editors or Members of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Heavy Vehicle Systems (IJHVS):
Login with your Inderscience username and password:

    Username:        Password:         

Forgotten your password?

Want to subscribe?
A subscription gives you complete access to all articles in the current issue, as well as to all articles in the previous three years (where applicable). See our Orders page to subscribe.

If you still need assistance, please email