Miniaturised broadband branch line coupler for WiMAX and LTE applications
by Krishnan Thiyagarajan; Thangavelu Kesavamurthy; Karuppaiah Alagar Banupriya; Raja Sindhuja
International Journal of Wireless and Mobile Computing (IJWMC), Vol. 8, No. 1, 2015

Abstract: This paper presents the bandwidth enhancement and miniaturisation of the branch line coupler for LTE/WiMAX applications (2.45-2.7 GHz). The broadband nature of conventional branch line coupler is attained by using three-section branch line coupler. The circuit area of the broadband coupler is reduced with the aid of von Koch fractal method of miniaturisation. An FR4 (Flame Retardant type 4 Epoxy) substrate having a thickness of 1.6 mm is selected to construct the microstrip circuit of broadband and miniaturised broadband branch line couplers. S-parameter simulation is carried out to compare the performance of proposed miniaturised broadband coupler with broadband and conventional branch line couplers. The simulation result shows that the proposed coupler achieves a bandwidth of 610 MHz with an area reduction of around 34%. The printed circuit board fabrication of the conventional, broadband and miniaturised broadband coupler was done to evaluate the measurement results using vector network analyser.

Online publication date: Fri, 02-Jan-2015

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