User verification based on the support vector machine using intra-body propagation signals
by Isao Nakanishi; Yuuta Sodani; Shigang Li
International Journal of Biometrics (IJBM), Vol. 5, No. 3/4, 2013

Abstract: Use of intra-body propagation signals has been proposed for biometric authentication. However, verification performance of the conventional method is low. To overcome this limitation, this study introduces the support vector machine (SVM) into the verification process, which improves the verification rate to approximately 83%. However, the correct acceptance rate of genuine users using only SVM is 49%, which is too low for practical applications. Thus, we introduce the concept of one versus one (1vs1) SVM. Each 1vs1 SVM distinguishes a genuine (authorised) user from another (unauthorised) user. Verification is achieved on the basis of a majority rule using plural 1vs1 SVMs related to a genuine user. The correct acceptance rate is greatly improved to 84% while maintaining equivalent verification performance. As a result, it is further confirmed that an intra-body propagation signal is a potential new biometric trait.

Online publication date: Fri, 28-Feb-2014

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