The influence of imprisonment on HIV and its impact on health-related inequalities in New York City
by Juan J. DelaCruz; Nikolaos Papanikolaou; Rongning Wu
International Journal of Economics and Business Research (IJEBR), Vol. 6, No. 2, 2013

Abstract: New York City has been the centre of the HIV epidemic where vulnerable populations disproportionately face negative health outcomes. This paper explains the behaviour of the HIV epidemic in terms of its racial/ethnic composition due to the effects of the criminal justice system, and sustains the necessity of more culturally tailored health interventions to prevent the spread of the disease. To achieve this goal, secondary data analysis and a panel regression device including individuals of specific racial/ethnic backgrounds periodically observed between 2002 and 2009, are required. This paper explores the fundamental characteristics of the HIV epidemic and its swings in terms of socio-economic determinants as a result of the unbalanced prevalence of imprisonment amid historically underrepresented groups.

Online publication date: Mon, 30-Dec-2013

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