Institutional quality, knowledge spillovers and entrepreneurship Online publication date: Mon, 24-Oct-2011
by Niranjan Chipalkatti; Jonathan P. Doh; Meenakshi Rishi
International Journal of Economic Policy in Emerging Economies (IJEPEE), Vol. 4, No. 4, 2011
Abstract: We examine the impact of institutional quality on early stage and formal entrepreneurial activity and on knowledge spillovers. We use four institutional variables – the protection of property rights, business freedom, financial depth, and corruption as proxies for institutional quality. Results suggest that financial institutions matter for formal and early-stage entrepreneurship. Corruption deters formal entrepreneurship, but the presence of corrupt institutions positively influences the conversion of early-stage entrepreneurial entities into formal business ventures. The presence of scientific knowledge in the public domain encourages the knowledge spillover process to early stage entrepreneurs but is retarded by a strong legal and regulatory environment.
Online publication date: Mon, 24-Oct-2011
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