Numerical and physical modelling of the human head
under impact - towards new injury criteria Online publication date: Wed, 20-Aug-2003
by Remy Willinger, Daniel Baumgartner
International Journal of Vehicle Design (IJVD), Vol. 32, No. 1/2, 2003
Abstract: This paper presents original physical and numerical human head models followed by their modal and temporal validation against human head vibration analysis in vivo and cadaver impact tests. The human head FE model developed by ULP presents two particularities: one at the brain-skull interface level where fluid-structure interaction is taken into account, the other at the skull modelling level by integrating the bone fracture simulation. Validation shows that the model correlated well with a number of experimental cadaver tests and predicted intracranial pressure accurately. However, for long duration impacts the model reaches its limits. The skull stiffness and fracture force were very accurately predicted when compared with values from the literature. In a second step, a new dummy head prototype, named Bimass, is presented. It has been constructed using a Hybrid III headform and comprises two masses: a skull and a mass to represent the brain attached to the skull with a damped spring system. The novel feature of this device is that it can simulate the brain-skull relative displacement at a frequency close to 150 Hz as recorded under vibration analysis in vivo. Helmet damage from thirteen motorcycle accidents was replicated in drop tests conducted in collaboration with Transport Research Laboratory (UK). Simulation of these accidents using both FE model and Bimass dummy head led to the first tentative proposals for tolerance limits and injury criteria relative to specific injury mechanisms.
Online publication date: Wed, 20-Aug-2003
If you are not a subscriber and you just want to read the full contents of this article, buy online access here.Complimentary Subscribers, Editors or Members of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Vehicle Design (IJVD):
Login with your Inderscience username and password:
Want to subscribe?
A subscription gives you complete access to all articles in the current issue, as well as to all articles in the previous three years (where applicable). See our Orders page to subscribe.
If you still need assistance, please email firstname.lastname@example.org