Title: Enhancing Thai Generation Z's creative thinking with Scratch through the spiral model

Authors: Purita Sayavaranont; Pallop Piriyasurawong; Namon Jeerungsuwan

Addresses: Division of Information Technology for Education, Department of Technological Education, Faculty of Technical Education, King Mongkut's University of Technology North Bangkok (KMUTNB), Thailand ' Division of Information Technology for Education, Department of Technological Education, Faculty of Technical Education, King Mongkut's University of Technology North Bangkok (KMUTNB), Thailand ' Office of National Education Standard and Quality Assessment, 24th Floor, Phyathai Plaza, 128 Phayathai Road, Ratchathewi, Bangkok 10400, Thailand

Abstract: This paper is a report on the findings of research and development into the instructional model 'enhancing Thai Generation Z' creative thinking with Scratch through the spiral mode. The purposes of this study are: 1) to develop; 2) to evaluate and gain experts' opinion on the proposed model, adapted from a creative thinking spiral first used in Scratch (Resnick, 2007a), based on Thailand's challenges. The proposed spiral model consists of ten steps: analyse, inspire, educate, imagine, create, experience, share, reflect, evaluate and imagine. The research was conducted through a semi-structured interview methodology whereby the questions were prepared and circulated to nine experts in advance. All of them agreed that using the spiral model, and by extension, Scratch, is an appropriate way to develop and improve creative thinking among Generation Z Thais.

Keywords: spiral model; Scratch; Generation Z; creative thinking; Thailand's competitiveness; Thailand's challenges.

DOI: 10.1504/IJLT.2018.095961

International Journal of Learning Technology, 2018 Vol.13 No.3, pp.181 - 202

Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021

Published online: 30 Oct 2018 *

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