Title: Origin and implementation of a new public policy for on-site sanitation in France: towards a more responsible global value chain of wastewater?

Authors: Olivier Fouché; José-Frédéric Deroubaix; Behzad Nasri; Tristan Lemaire

Addresses: Le Cnam, Laboratoire GeF (EA 4630) Géomatique et Foncier; Conservatoire national des arts et métiers, 292 rue Saint-Martin, F-75141 Paris, France ' Laboratoire Eau Environnement et Systèmes Urbains (LEESU) – UMR MA102, Ecole des Ponts ParisTech, Université Paris-Est, AgroParisTech, 6 et 8 avenue Blaise Pascal, F-77455, Marne-la-Vallée, France ' Le Cnam, Laboratoire GeF (EA 4630) Géomatique et Foncier; Conservatoire national des arts et métiers, 292 rue Saint-Martin, F-75141 Paris, France ' Laboratoire Eau Environnement et Systèmes Urbains (LEESU) – UMR MA102, Ecole des Ponts ParisTech, Université Paris-Est, AgroParisTech, 6 et 8 avenue Blaise Pascal, F-77455, Marne-la-Vallée, France

Abstract: A reform in 2006 created the public service for on-site sanitation (OSS), called SPANC in French, based on a transfer of competence from the state to municipalities. The aim of this service inside a given territory is to initiate and follow-up the on-site wastewater treatment devices. Implementation of the new public policy has been monitored for six years. On each survey field, semi-directive interviews were performed with the actors: users, elected representatives, the staff in charge of the service, and officials at the national level. According to the local context, the users have behaviours combining loyalty and defection. The study of the users' behaviours faced with strategies applied by different SPANCs explains the contradictions that led to conflicts. Finally, the SPANC turned to be poorly legitimised owing to lack of consistency at the source, in scientific knowledge. In this condition, the global value chain of OSS will hardly be responsible.

Keywords: stakeholders; soil functions; environmental impact; public service; territory; interview; questionnaire; sustainable development; global value chain; public policy implementation; on-site sanitation; SPANC; purification market; European water framework directive; wastewater; France.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSD.2017.089959

International Journal of Sustainable Development, 2017 Vol.20 No.3/4, pp.183 - 204

Received: 26 Jan 2017
Accepted: 11 Apr 2017

Published online: 09 Feb 2018 *

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