Title: Evaluation of effective models of offset CTP plate aluminium oxide surface roughness characterisation

Authors: Živko Pavlović; Sandra Dedijer; Nemanja Kašiković; Dragoljub Novaković; Magdolna Pál; Dubravko Risović

Addresses: Faculty of Technical Sciences, Graphic Engineering and Design, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovica 6, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia ' Faculty of Technical Sciences, Graphic Engineering and Design, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovica 6, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia ' Faculty of Technical Sciences, Graphic Engineering and Design, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovica 6, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia ' Faculty of Technical Sciences, Graphic Engineering and Design, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovica 6, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia ' Faculty of Technical Sciences, Graphic Engineering and Design, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovica 6, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia ' Rudjer Bosković Institute, Molecular Physics Laboratory, Bijenicka C 54, HR-10000 Zagreb, Croatia

Abstract: In this study, three different approaches for characterisation of printing plate's non-printing elements surface structure and roughness were compared: stylus profilometric method, AFM, method and software (indirect), SEM image-based profilometry. The comparison was made to evaluate the possibility of utilising the different methods for characterisation of CTP offset printing plate surface roughness. The direct profilometric measurements involved the use of stylus profilometer visual analysis were made using AFM device and for the indirect approach, the Gwyddion software, for analysis of single and stereo SEM images and calculation of standard profilometric parameters, was used. The results of this study demonstrate that it is possible to obtain profilometric parameters from the analysis of AFM and SEM micrographs with appropriately calibrated grey scale intensity distribution and that the values of the parameters are comparable to those obtained by contact stylus profilometry. The results of this comparative study indicate that profilometric 2D direct stylus method is more applicable when larger areas tend to be measured, while the indirect image-based 3D profilometry is a valuable and efficient tool for characterisation of various surface's topographies on micron scale sample areas.

Keywords: contact stylus profilometry; surface roughness; surface topography; atomic force microscopy; AFM; scanning electron microscopy; SEM micrograph; printing plate; aluminium oxide.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSURFSE.2017.088129

International Journal of Surface Science and Engineering, 2017 Vol.11 No.5, pp.433 - 449

Received: 05 Dec 2016
Accepted: 07 May 2017

Published online: 21 Nov 2017 *

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