Title: Time frequency response-based current differential protection of wide area compensated power system networks
Authors: Okram Dharmapandit; Rajesh Kumar Patnaik
Addresses: Department of Electrical Engineering, Multi Disciplinary Research Centre, Siksha 'O' Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar-751030, Odisha, India ' Department of Electrical Engineering, Multi Disciplinary Research Centre, Siksha 'O' Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar-751030, Odisha, India
Abstract: This paper presents a time-frequency response approach suitable for current differential protection of transmission lines in an interconnected power system network. The current differential protection scheme efficiently discriminates between the internal and external faults in the protected zone of a transmission network and exhibits stability and robustness. For detecting the occurrence of a fault on the transmission line a cumulative sum average (CUSUM) technique is used and the fault classification and location are determined using the spectral energy of the average and differential currents based on a recent matrix version of the fast discrete S-transform (FST). This new formulation uses intelligent frequency scaling, bandpass filtering, and suitable interpolation techniques to reduce the computational overhead of the algorithm by almost 30 times in comparison to the earlier conventional S-transform. Further, the new protection scheme will be a viable and competing one with the advent synchrophasors technology and wide area high speed communication and GPS systems. Also, its viability is tested for the wide area network with a STATCOM placed at the middle of one of the transmission lines injecting reactive currents which requires the detection of the occurrence of the fault before or after the compensating device.
Keywords: interconnected power network; time-frequency response; spectral energy; fault detection and classification; STATCOM.
International Journal of Power and Energy Conversion, 2017 Vol.8 No.4, pp.357 - 371
Received: 22 Feb 2016
Accepted: 13 Mar 2016
Published online: 25 Sep 2017 *