Title: Influence of climatic and non-climatic factors on sustainable food security in India: a statistical investigation
Authors: Ajay Kumar; Mokbul Morshed Ahmad; Pritee Sharma
Addresses: Entrepreneurship Development Institute of India Ahmedabad, Gujarat – 382428, India ' Regional and Rural Development Planning, School of Environment, Resources and Development, Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Pathumthani - 12120, Thailand ' School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Indore, Madhya Pradesh – 452017, India
Abstract: The present study assesses the effect of climatic and non-climatic factors on sustainable food security in India. It estimates food security index using composite Z-index technique with panel data of 13 states of India. It reveals that all components of food security have positive and significant association to each other. There exists high food inequality across Indian states. Poverty is the most detrimental factor to sustain food security; it is significantly associated with food insecurity. Therefore, Indian policy makers are desired to implement effective development scheme for poverty eradication. Estimates also imply that per capita food-grain availability negatively impacted due to changing climatic factors and diversity in socio-economic variables. Hence, there is essential to increase food production through cropping intensity, appropriate irrigation facilities, application of modern technology and high yielding varieties of seeds in cultivation; infrastructural development and more public spending in agricultural R&D to achieve sustainable food security in India.
Keywords: climate change; socio-economic variables; food grain yield; sustainable food security; composite Z-index; food security index; FSI; per capita food grain availability; PCFGA; regression modelling; India; sustainability; food inequality; poverty; crop intensity; irrigation facilities; agricultural technology; high yield seed varieties; infrastructure development; agricultural R&D; research and development.
International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Management and Informatics, 2017 Vol.3 No.1, pp.1 - 30
Received: 21 Oct 2015
Accepted: 29 Mar 2016
Published online: 15 Mar 2017 *