Title: Atmospheric wet deposition of trace metals in the Suwon region in Korea during farming periods

Authors: Min-Kyeong Kim; Goo-Bok Jung; Jong-Sik Lee; Hyun-Jung Jeon; Myung-Hyun Kim; Min-Young Kim

Addresses: National Academy of Agricultural Science RDA, 166 Nongsaengmyung-ro, Wanju, Jeonbuk 55365, South Korea ' National Academy of Agricultural Science RDA, 166 Nongsaengmyung-ro, Wanju, Jeonbuk 55365, South Korea ' National Academy of Agricultural Science RDA, 166 Nongsaengmyung-ro, Wanju, Jeonbuk 55365, South Korea ' National Academy of Agricultural Science RDA, 166 Nongsaengmyung-ro, Wanju, Jeonbuk 55365, South Korea ' National Academy of Agricultural Science RDA, 166 Nongsaengmyung-ro, Wanju, Jeonbuk 55365, South Korea ' National Academy of Agricultural Science RDA, 166 Nongsaengmyung-ro, Wanju, Jeonbuk 55365, South Korea

Abstract: This study investigated the characteristic distributions of heavy metals in rainwater, and the relationship between the concentrations of heavy metals and other chemical properties of the rainwater was also evaluated. Chemical properties of the rainwater varied between different raining periods and years. The volume-weighted mean of rainwater pH ranged from 3.9 to 6.7, and the individual volume-weighted means followed the order Zn > Pb > Cu > Cr > Ni > Cd. There were positive correlations between the major ionic components, such as Ca, Mg, and K, and the heavy metal concentrations of rainwater. The trends of monthly heavy metal concentrations showed higher values in July during 2011-2013. The order of average enrichment factors (EFs) was Cd > Pb > Cu > Zn > Ni > Cr; all of these were relatively higher than the EFs of natural components such as Fe, Mg and Ca. The overall finding of this study indicated that the concentration of dissolved trace metals can increase under the condition of acid rain.

Keywords: rainwater; heavy metals; enrichment factors; atmospheric wet deposition; rainfall; trace metals; South Korea; farming; chemical properties; acid rain; agriculture.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEP.2016.078056

International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 2016 Vol.59 No.1, pp.1 - 12

Available online: 26 Jul 2016 *

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