Title: Event-driven hybrid MAC protocol for a two-tier cognitive wireless sensor network: design and implementation

Authors: Haythem Ahmad Bany Salameh; Mohammed Fozi Dhainat

Addresses: Telecommunications Engineering Department, Yarmouk University, Irbid, Jordan ' Communications and IT Technology Department, Jordan Civil Defence, Amman, Jordan

Abstract: In this paper, an integrated hardware and software system for a cognitive-radio wireless sensor network (CR-WSN) is designed and implemented for event detection and monitoring applications. The proposed CR-WSN is a pre-deployed two-level cluster-based network. The lower level consists of several clusters of sensor nodes, each with its own cognitive-enabled cluster-head (CR-CH). The upper-level consists of a network of CR-CHs. The data collected by each sensor node is sent to the associated CR-CH. The CR-CH opportunistically transmits the sensed information over one of the available primary radio (PR) channels to a monitoring node (sink) to take the appropriate action. To connect between the various elements and nodes in the system, we develop efficient communication protocols for the CR-WSN. Specifically, we present a novel event-driven hybrid MAC design (called CRS-MAC) for the CR-WSN such that reliable data delivery is achieved. CRS-MAC divides the MAC-layer functionality into two types: CSMA-based single-channel intra-cluster communications and cognitive multi-channel CSMA-based inter-cluster communications. The developed protocol is implemented and tested to provide a flexible software platform that enables efficient and reliable operation for the CR-WSN. Experimental and simulation results demonstrate a robust and scalable performance of the proposed CR-WSN system.

Keywords: event-driven MAC protocol; medium access control; clustering; data processing; cluster head; sink nodes; cognitive radio WSNs; wireless sensor networks; event detection; event monitoring; simulation.

DOI: 10.1504/IJHPCN.2016.077818

International Journal of High Performance Computing and Networking, 2016 Vol.9 No.4, pp.271 - 280

Available online: 16 Jul 2016 *

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