Title: Fuzzy TOPSIS method for ranking barriers to environmentally conscious manufacturing implementation: government, industry and expert perspectives

Authors: Varinder Kumar Mittal; Kuldip Singh Sangwan

Addresses: Mechanical Engineering Department, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, Rajasthan 333031, India ' Mechanical Engineering Department, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, Rajasthan 333031, India

Abstract: A growing number of organisations have begun working towards implementation of Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing (ECM) because of increased concerns about the pollution increase, natural resources depletion and global warming. But some barriers hinder the implementation of ECM systems. In order to mitigate these barriers, the ranking of barriers is very essential as high-ranked barriers can be taken up first to address the issue more effectively within the availability of resources and capacity to improve environment. This paper aims at identifying and ranking barriers to ECM implementation. Twelve barriers have been identified and grouped as economic, internal, policy and societal barriers. A fuzzy TOPSIS multi-criteria decision model has been developed to rank these barriers from government, industry and expert perspectives by using the data inputs from various sources in India. The ranking of the barriers from different perspectives will help the decision/policy makers in government and industry to mitigate these barriers in an effective manner.

Keywords: fuzzy TOPSIS; environmentally conscious manufacturing; sustainable production; barrier ranking; implementation barriers; green manufacturing; sustainable development; sustainability; multicriteria decision making; MCDM; modelling; India.

DOI: 10.1504/IJETM.2014.059466

International Journal of Environmental Technology and Management, 2014 Vol.17 No.1, pp.57 - 82

Received: 31 Jul 2012
Accepted: 05 Aug 2013

Published online: 21 Feb 2014 *

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